Phenazepam

Phenazepam is a benzodiazepine with anxiolytic, euphoric, anticonvulsant, amnestic, muscle relaxant, and sleep-inducing effects and is used in the treatment of epilepsy, alcohol withdrawal and insomnia.  It can be used as a premedication before surgery. Although phenazepam is currently not a controlled substance, sale for human use is illegal in the United States. However, phenazepam has gained popularity as a recreational drug. It is being produced in Russia and can be purchased online.

 

Phenazepam can be taken by mouth and reaches its peak effect in 2 to 4 hours. In higher doses, phenazepam can cause dizziness, loss of coordination, drowsiness, and amnesia. Some users report double vision. Delirium and psychosis-like behavior have been reported. at very high doses. Effects last over 60 hours and in case of overdose many days or weeks. Its extreme potency, the urge to take another pill, and loss of inhibitions makes overdose common.

 

The effect of any dose depends in part on the pre-existing benzodiazepine tolerance of the user. A user without any tolerance may notice effects when taking less than a milligram, while users with a very high benzodiazepine tolerance may take 100 mg to get the desired effect. Oral doses of 100 mg in a new user may cause coma or delirium. While taking phenazepam users often exhibit a dramatic change in personality.

 

A frequent theme in reports of overdose with phenazepam is a dramatic change in personality. Under its influence users may act in ways they would consider unethical or unreasonably risky when sober.

 

Mr. Smiley Product

 

There is a new product called “Relax Max”, marketed by  Mr. Smiley, and sold legally in smoke shops, convenient stores, and online. The product looks just like Xanax. The first “inactive” ingredient listed in this product is phenazepam. It is very pure and causes a high of 60 hours or longer. It also can cause amnesia, blackouts, dizziness and delirium. Mixing  with alcohol can be very dangerous.

 

Phenazepam (Xanax, benzodiazepines, ”Zannie”)

 

Phenazepam was developed in Russia in 1974 and has recently gained popularity as a recreational drug in the United States. Phenazepam is a benzodiazepine with anxiolytic, euphoric, anticonvulsant, amnestic, muscle relaxant, and hypnotic (sleep-inducing) effects. The oral dose is 0.5-5.0 mg and effects last over 60 hours. Its extreme potency makes overdose common and overdose symptoms may last many days or weeks.

 

Side effects include hiccups, dizziness, loss of coordination, drowsiness, and amnesia. As with other benzodiazepines, when abruptly discontinued following prolonged use, severe withdrawal symptoms may occur including restlessness,anxiety, insomnia, seizures, convulsions and death. Fatalities have been reported when the drug is taken with prescription opioid analgesic drugs. Although phenazepam is currently not controlled, sale for human use remains illegal in the United States, but manufacturers circumvent this regulation by selling the product as "not for human use". Products not intended for human consumption are exempt from FDA control.

 

In the United States, phenazepam has been sold as an air freshener known as “Zannie.” Spraying Zannie into the mouth is one of the routes of administration, and when used with antidepressants, sleep medications, pain medications, or alcohol, it can prove fatal. Its users have called Phenazepam benzo-relaxation.

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