Geranium Extract (methylhexanamine or dimethylamylamine, found in “Pump-It Powder,” “Jacked 3D,” and other workout products.)
Dimethylamylamine (DMAA) is made synthetically in a lab and was originally used as a nasal decongestant. Today it is sold as a dietary supplement, or nutritional supplement used for ADHD, weight loss, improving athletic performance, and bodybuilding. Supplements that contain this ingredient list: rose geranium, geranium oil, or geranium stems on the label. DMAA has also been marketed extensively as a dietary supplement but its safety has been questioned as a number of adverse events and at least 5 deaths have been associated with DMAA-containing supplements. The World Doping Agency banned the substance as did the Military. DMAA is sold as an “enhanced plant vitamin” but labeled “not for human consumption.” It may be smoked, ingested, or snorted and its affects may last 4-6 hours. It has amphetamine-like effects including:
Some of these plants, which include Morning Glory, Jimsonweed, Salvia, Angels Trumpet, and Horned Poppy, may be growing in your garden. They are smoked or ingested as a tea. Non-indigenous plants to the US, including Khat and Blue Lotus, are available from drug dealers or the internet.
Salvia Divinorum is perhaps the best known of the hallucinogenic plants and is readily available on line, at smoke shops, and in convenient stores, and is sold in multiple concentrations. It is a very potent naturally occurring hallucinogen and is smoked, often in a water pipe, or ingested as a tea. Its effects include:
• Stimulating the recall of past memories, such as revisiting places from childhood memory
• Sensations of motion, or being pulled or twisted by forces
• Visions of membranes, films and various two-dimensional surfaces
• Merging with or becoming objects
• Overlapping realities, such as the perception of being in several locations at once
• Uncontrollable laughter
Blue Lotus is gaining in popularity. This plant grows along the Nile River and is sold online and in head shops as a concentrated tablet that looks like and acts like the tranquillizer Xanax. Xanax is a benzodiazepine that is prescribed to reduce anxiety and help with panic attacks. It is often used to counteract the anxiety caused by illicit drug use.
Kratom is a plant common to Southeast Asia and Thailand and can act as both a stimulant (euphoria) and a sedative. At a low dose the user becomes talkative, energetic, alert, and excited. At a high dose the user’s pupils constrict, they are in a calm and dreamy state, less sensitive to pain, have a dry mouth, may itch, and can have nausea. At high doses this plant has an opioid-like effect and may be used to treat pain and opioid withdrawal.
The plant material is widely available online and legal. Kratom is available in combination with another mu-receptor agonist and sold as Krypton. Krypton consists of powdered Kratom leaves mixed with O-desmethyltramadol, the active metabolite of tramadol. This combination is deadly.
Mr. Smiley products contain varying amounts of plant material found in Asia, the Mediterranean and other parts of the world, which are combined with caffeine and amino acids. These products are sold as a “dietary supplement” and are not regulated, monitored or tested by the FDA. These pills are sold under the names X-Rave, Auto Focus, Kratom (see above), and Energy or Euphoria liquid shots. They can be found in smoke shops, convenient stores, gas stations and online. The claim on the packaging states that the ingredients can not be detected in urine, hair or blood sampling. This makes these products popular with those worried about being caught.
Most of these products have warnings on the label about mixing these pills with caffeine-containing products (energy drinks), alcohol, prescription drugs or other illicit substances. Effects vary depending on the pill taken, but may include nausea and vomiting, increased heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, dehydration, hallucinations, anxiety and panic attacks, headaches, and constriction of the blood vessels leading to strokes and heart attacks. The plant materials contained in these pills have never been tested on humans. Users beware!